Climate Change Agricultural Production, Trade and Food Security in East African Community

This is a regional study covering five East African Community (EAC) countries of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. It is meant to develop a set of analytical works to understand in detail the linkages between climate change, agricultural production, and trade and food security. The study was commissioned by the United Nations Commission for Africa (UNECA) through African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC).

The study is premised on the fact that overreliance on rainfall has made agriculture systems in the EAC highly vulnerable to climatic variability and climate change. However, the impacts of climate change on agricultural production will not be expected to be uniform across the member states — it will enhance production in some states while suppress it in others. This will necessitate the use of trade policies to facilitate food flow to deficit areas.

This study aims to assess the link between climate change, agricultural production, trade and food security with the view to promote sustainable development. Specifically, it will:

(i) Review the policies on climate change, agriculture production and trade

(ii) Explore the spatial effects of climate change on agricultural production

(iii) Assess the welfare implications of regional agricultural policy and

(iv) Identify the potential effects of climate change on food security in the EAC region

Collaborating institutions include the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Regional Office for Eastern and Southern Africa (WMO ESA), Bureau for Agricultural Consultancy Service, Kigali International University, Centre for Research and Development (CERDA)- Sokoine University of Agriculture and Economic Policy Research Centre.