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Name:Effect of health insurance on child and maternal health outcomes in Kenya
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It is widely acknowledged that out-of-pocket health payments are both a burden
as well as a hindrance to accessing health care, thus leading to worse health
outcomes. Health insurance financing mechanism has been proposed as an
alternative that will lead to better health outcomes, through its apparent increase
in utilization of health care. While Kenya is advocating for the uptake of health
insurance, its effects on health outcomes of the vulnerable groups, among them
children and mothers, has not been established. This study, therefore, examines
the effect of health insurance on child and maternal health, using data from the
Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2008/2009. A logistic model is estimated,
and we conclude that while health insurance does not show any beneficial
effects on child health as measured by child mortality, there is some evidence
that health insurance improves maternal health. Other control variables such
as wealth index, employment, distance to health facility and area of residence
are equally important in determining child and maternal health. Policies that
increase the uptake of health insurance are likely to enhance maternal health.
Similarly, there is need to ensure even distribution of health facilities in the
country. Further, strategies aimed at poverty reduction, employment creation
and education attainment, especially post-primary level of education, should be
enhanced to improve child and maternal health in the country.

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Created On: 09/18/2014 10:37
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