In Kenya, policies in the transport sector largely support motorized transport at
the expense of Non-Motorized and Intermediate Modes of Transport (NMIMT).
These policies, together with the absence of vehicle retirement programmes among
other factors, have contributed to increasing numbers of vehicles especially in
cities, towns and urban areas. This increase is not equal in all categories; motor
and auto cycles, saloon cars and station wagons are increasing faster than other
categories such as buses, minibuses/matatus and coaches that are mainly used
for public transportation.
The rise in the number of saloon cars and station wagons is the main focus of
this study as they are predominantly used for private transport in cities, towns
and urban areas, and are largely privately owned. Their predominant use is a
cause of concern as it has the potential of worsening the traffic problems being
experienced now, thus reversing the gains that are intended to be achieved
by the ongoing transport improvement projects. This will include increase in
congestion, pollution and spending on infrastructure, energy scarcity and green
house gas emissions.