- Category: News and Highlights
As Kenya and the rest of the world continue to suffer adverse effects of climate change, experts and scientists have intensified efforts to find solutions. Their efforts, however, face various challenges, key among them finances.
For many years, the developing world looked up to Western countries to finance climate change adaptation and mitigation efforts, and justifiably so because the developed nations contribute most of the green house gases that are largely to blame for the menace. Funding from these countries has, however, been unreliable and developing countries, most of which are in Africa, are now forced to find homegrown sources of funding.
In this regard, the Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA) together with Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) held a national policy dialogue ondDomestic climate financing on 13th August, 2015 at the Boma Hotel, Nairobi.
The workshop attracted experts from government ministries and departments, non-governmental organizations, civil society and UN agencies. Representatives from FARNPAN and KIPPRA made detailed presentations on the current state of climate financing in Kenya and Africa.
FARNPAN representative, Sithembile Ndema, outlined her organization’s efforts in combating the effects of climate. She said Africa must focus on climate-smart agriculture to ensure sustainable food security.
John Nyangena and Joshua Laichena of KIPPRA discussed the importance of policy and institutional frameworks in mobilizing domestic climate change financing. A clear policy framework would create incentives for climate response, generate public resources, define climate-resilient options and stimulate clean technology development. On the other hand, an institutional framework would coordinate climate finances, identify and address capacity needs, set standards and protocols for measuring, reporting and verification and would also link domestic to international processes.
The KIPPRA policy analysts pointed out the various sources of climate change financing so far and that most of it was being used for mitigation and very little in adaptation activities. Nyangena and Laichena also heighted some of the important elements in mobilizing domestic sources of funds. They include accountability, right policies, effective coordination and adequate capacity.
Emuhaya Member of Parliament Wilberforce Ottichilo, who is championing the Climate Change Bill in Parliament, said once the Bill becomes law, it will provide guidance on how to tackle climate change, including financing. Hon. Ottichilo narrated his tumultuous journey articulating and championing climate change issues since the early 1990s, saying many people did not initially understand his concerns and thought he was exaggerating the potential effects of the climate change.
The various government officials present at the dialogue enumerated the measures taken by the government to adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change. They include giving incentives and tax holidays or exceptions to organizations and investors engaging in renewable energy and other climate-favorable activities; promoting climate-smart agriculture and ensuring incorporation of energy-saving techniques in construction.
Other key issues highlighted at the dialogue include the need to create a centralized pool of data on climate change research and activities in Kenya. This would ensure collaborative effort by the various stakeholders and proper allocation and monitoring of resources.